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Monthly Archives: July 2019

In the July 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Recommendations Developed for Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

Vaccine recommended for persons moving to live in JE-endemic country and long-term, frequent travelers
For patients with cystic fibrosis

Key Cystic Fibrosis Pathogens Reduced With Ivacaftor Use

Ivacaftor use linked to reductions in P. aeruginosa rates, prevalence of S. aureus, Aspergillus species
Current infection prevention and antibiotic stewardship program practices continue to include a main focus on surveillance for multidrug-resistant organisms

Current Antibiotic Stewardship Program Practices Characterized

Since 2013, active surveillance for MRSA reduced, monitoring of cleaning effectiveness increased
Patients undergoing preoperative peripheral nerve block placement have a similar change in anxiolytic scores when they receive music medicine versus midazolam

Music Relieves Preop Anxiety Before Peripheral Nerve Block

Similar changes seen in levels of preoperative anxiety for patients receiving music medicine, midazolam
The excess risk for heart failure associated with diabetes is significantly greater in women than men

Excess Risk for Diabetes-Linked Heart Failure Greater in Women

Women with type 1, type 2 diabetes have greater excess risk for heart failure versus men
Nonprofit funding by cancer type is not proportionate to the burden of individual cancers

Nonprofit Funding by Cancer Type Not Proportional to Cancer Burden

Breast cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, pediatric cancers well-funded; GI, gynecologic cancers poorly funded
Financial incentives do seem to help people quit smoking

Financial Incentives Help People Stop Smoking

Effectiveness of incentives appears to be sustained once follow-up ends and incentives stop
The number of days supplied of an initial opioid prescription is the strongest risk factor for developing long-term opioid use among previously opioid-free injured workers

Supply of Opioids Predicts Long-Term Use in Injured Workers

Odds of long-term opioid use up with initial Rx for five- to nine-day supply versus supply of less than five days
In children with end-stage renal disease

Higher eGFR at Dialysis Initiation Tied to Lower Survival in Children

Findings seen among children with end-stage renal disease
One-fourth of patients receive unnecessary treatment with radioactive iodine after surgery for low-risk papillary thyroid cancer

Factors Associated With Thyroid Cancer Overtreatment Identified

Overtreatment more likely in younger, male, Hispanic or Asian patients, those with extensive lymph node surgery