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Community-based diabetes screening in barbershops owned by black individuals is feasible and can identify undiagnosed diabetes

Community-Based Diabetes Screening Feasible in Barbershops

About one-third of those asked to participate were successfully tested; 9.0 percent had HbA1c ≥6.5 percent
From 2010 to 2017

CDC: HIV-1/HIV-2 Differentiation Test Increasingly Used in U.S.

Number of HIV-2 diagnoses remains low; more false positives seen with greater use of differentiation test
Routine troponin testing for acute coronary syndrome may not be warranted in elderly patients with nonspecific complaints presenting to the emergency department

Troponin Testing May Be Overused in Geriatric Patients

Findings show high false-positive rate in elderly with nonspecific complaints in the emergency department
No harms come from screening for Alzheimer disease and related dementias in primary care

Primary Care Screening for Dementia Not Harmful

No increases for depressive, anxiety symptoms seen with screening in rural, suburban, urban primary care clinics
Even very low concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I cannot safely rule out inducible myocardial ischemia in patients with symptomatic coronary artery disease

Low Cardiac Troponin Levels Cannot Safely Rule Out Ischemia

Very low hs-cTn levels do not safely exclude inducible myocardial ischemia in those with symptomatic CAD
Risk-tailored screening could potentially reduce overdiagnosis and improve the cost-effectiveness of a prostate cancer screening program

Risk-Based Approach Could Help Target Prostate Cancer Screening

Risk-based screening yields less overdiagnosis, more cost-effective than age-based screening
Standardized screening for autism spectrum disorder is recommended at ages 18 and 24 months in primary care

Standardized Screening for ASD Recommended at 18, 24 Months

Children should be referred for intervention at time of identification and not wait for diagnostic evaluation
A cognitive symptom measure identified in discharge summaries can predict the risk for dementia

Cognitive Symptom Score From EHR Predicts Risk for Dementia

Symptom score derived from discharge summaries using natural language processing linked to earlier diagnosis
A deep learning model can predict which women are at risk for subsequent development of breast cancer

Deep Learning Model Predicts Future Breast Cancer Risk

False-negative rate lower for age-adjusted deep learning risk score versus density-based models
Following publication of updated guidelines by the American Cancer Society recommending that the age for colorectal cancer screening be lowered to 45 years

CRC Screening Up for Ages 45 to 49 After ACS Guideline Update

Increase in screening rates in quarters 3, 4 of 2018 versus quarter 1; no change for people in their 50s