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The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has determined that the balance of benefits and harms of screening for elevated blood lead levels in asymptomatic young children and pregnant women cannot be ascertained. This finding forms the basis of an updated final recommendation statement published in the April 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

USPSTF: Evidence Lacking for Elevated Lead Level Screening

Evidence inadequate to determine benefits, harms of screening for asymptomatic children, pregnant women
Adolescent and adult women

Draft Recommendation Promotes Screening Women for Anxiety

Teen, adult women, including pregnant women, should be assessed for anxiety as part of routine care
Four evidence-based guidance statements on breast cancer screening have been developed by the American College of Physicians and published online April 9 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Guidance Statements Issued for Breast Cancer Screening

Clinicians should discuss mammography with patients aged 40 to 49, discontinue screening for those ≥75
Laboratories vary in the extent to which they adhere to recommendations from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics for noninvasive prenatal screening

Adherence to Prenatal Screening Recommendations Varies by Lab

Laboratories vary in the extent to which they meet ACMG position statement recommendations
A pregnancy-adapted algorithm can safely avoid diagnostic imaging in a proportion of pregnant women with suspected pulmonary embolism

Pregnancy-Adapted Algorithm Avoids Diagnostic Imaging for PE

Suspected pulmonary embolism safely ruled out in some pregnant women with diagnostic algorithm
The Lung Cancer Causal Model shows promise as a predictor of cancerous lung nodules

New AI Model May Predict Cancerous Lung Nodules

Model relies on CT features, demographics, clinical data, and improves on current methods
An application using the photoplethysmography signal

ACC: Photoplethysmography Signal Can Detect Diabetes

AUC 0.722 for predicting prevalent diabetes in test dataset; negative predictive value 97 percent
Genetic testing should be made available to all patients with a history of breast cancer

Genetic Testing Recommended for All Patients With Breast Cancer

All with personal history of breast cancer should be offered testing; updated testing recommended
Only 16 percent of seniors receive regular cognitive assessments

Few Seniors Receive Regular Brief Cognitive Assessments

Report also reveals number of seniors living with Alzheimer disease projected to increase
Performance improvements after adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) relative to digital mammography performance have been sustained

Performance Improvement Sustained After DBT Adoption

Early improvement after adoption of digital breast tomosynthesis seen regardless of DBT volume