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Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 µm is associated with increased hospital admission risks and costs

Risk for Hospital Admission Up With Short-Term PM2.5 Exposure

Admissions for new causes, previously identified causes linked to short-term exposure to air pollution
Improved oral hygiene care is associated with a reduced risk for atrial fibrillation and heart failure

Improved Oral Hygiene May Cut Risk for Heart Failure, A-Fib

Frequent tooth brushing, professional dental cleaning linked to reduced risk for heart failure, a-fib in Korea

November 2019 Briefing – Cardiology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Cardiology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...
Obesity may cause a differential response to antiarrhythmic drugs used to suppress atrial fibrillation

Obesity Mediates Response to Antiarrhythmic Drugs in A-Fib

Reduced response to sodium versus potassium channel blocker AADs seen in obese patients, mice
More than 12 percent of patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease report nonadherence to medications due to costs

U.S. Adults With ASCVD Report Skipping Meds Due to Costs

Age <65 years, female sex, high comorbidity burden independently linked to cost-related nonadherence
Change in the U.S. allocation system for donor hearts has reduced waitlist mortality

Outcomes Poorer With New U.S. Donor Heart Allocation System

Early observations show lower waitlist mortality but higher posttransplant mortality or retransplantation
Large variation in blood pressure is associated with an increased long-term risk for dementia

Large BP Variation Tied to Greater Long-Term Risk for Dementia

Dementia risk significantly increased after at least 15 years since measurement of SBP variation
Recovery from metabolic syndrome is associated with a decreased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events

Changes in Metabolic Syndrome Status Linked to MACE Risk

Risk for MACE decreased with recovery from metabolic syndrome, while risk up with MetS development
Children's hospitals participating in the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium have improved cardiac surgery outcomes

Peds Cardiac Surgical Outcomes Improved in Consortium

In-hospital mortality, major complications dropped for hospitals in Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium
U.S. life expectancy increased from 1959 to 2016 but has been decreasing since 2014

U.S. Life Expectancy Dropped Since 2014 for Working-Age Adults

Life expectancy increased from 1959 to 2016 but began declining in 2014 among 25- to 64-year-olds