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Tag: Infant / Child Care

Between 1997 and 2014

1997 to 2014 Saw Large Hike in Screen Time for Ages 0 to 2

Television accounted for most screen time in children aged 0 to 2 and 3 to 5 years in 2014
Neurodevelopmental outcomes at 5 years of age are equivalent after brief general anesthesia or awake-regional anesthesia in infancy

Brief Anesthesia in Infancy Does Not Mar Neurodevelopment

General anesthesia less than one hour does not seem to alter neurodevelopmental outcome at age 5
All 50 states and the District of Columbia have implemented newborn screening policies for critical congenital heart disease

CDC: Screening Policies for Critical Congenital Heart Dz Widespread

All 50 states, D.C. have implemented screening policies; data collection efforts have lagged
A bill that would place more restrictions on children's genitalia surgery in California raises serious concerns among doctors in the state. Under the bill

California Bill Would Tighten Controls on Children’s Genitalia Surgery

Doctors who violate the proposed law could be disciplined by the state's medical board
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has reaffirmed the recommendation for use of ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. This recommendation forms the basis of a final recommendation statement published online Jan. 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Eye Infections in Newborns Advised

USPSTF reaffirms use of antibiotic ointment to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum
Mandated neonatal abstinence syndrome surveillance and reporting allows state health departments to quantify incidence and informs programs and services

Mandated Neonatal Abstinence Reporting Helps Quantify Cases

Five of six states with mandatory reporting receive case reports within 30 days of diagnosis
Newborn genomic sequencing can detect the risk for disease onset during childhood and actionable adult-onset disease

Newborn Genomic Sequencing Can Identify Disease Risk

Sequencing detects risk for disorders not anticipated based on infants' known clinical, family history
The American Academy of Pediatrics has developed its first guideline for the management of infantile hemangiomas; the clinical practice guideline was published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

New AAP Guideline Available for Infantile Hemangioma Treatment

Early intervention and/or referral recommended for potentially problematic infantile hemangiomas
In infants with cystic fibrosis

Inhaling Hypertonic Saline May Aid Infants With Cystic Fibrosis

The preventive treatment is safe and may provide clinical benefits in first year of life
Chronic opioid use during pregnancy that causes neonatal abstinence syndrome is associated with smaller neonatal head circumference

Smaller Heads Related to Opioid-Related Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Chronic opioid use in pregnancy resulting in NAS linked to smaller head circumference in neonates