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Prenatal antibiotic exposure overall has no significant association with later overweight or obesity in children

2nd Trimester Antibiotic Exposure May Up Risk for Offspring Obesity

Exposure in infancy might also increase the risk for childhood overweight or obesity
Metformin treatment reduces some obesity measures in children

Metformin Could Reduce Obesity in Children

Metformin therapy reduces some indices of obesity in children and adolescents, review shows
The treatment benefits of bariatric surgery in adults are similar regardless of early- or adult-onset obesity

Bariatric Surgery Outcomes Similar Regardless of Obesity Onset

Impact on diabetes, microvascular complications similar regardless of BMI status at age 20 years
The prevalence of obesity was 42.4 percent among U.S. adults in 2017 to 2018

CDC: Prevalence of Obesity 42.4 Percent in 2017 to 2018

Age-adjusted prevalence of severe obesity 9.2 percent among U.S. adults, higher in women than men
Delivery of intensive behavioral therapy for obesity by registered dietitian nutritionists is effective and beneficial for Medicare beneficiaries

Dietitians Effective for Weight Loss in Obese Medicare Patients

Findings seen in trial of integration of intensive behavioral therapy into primary care practice
Overweight/obese postmenopausal women have ethnic differences in sitting behavior and in the deleterious association between sitting behavior and cardiometabolic risk

Ethnic Differences in Sitting Behaviors ID’d in Older Women

Longer sitting time, sitting bout duration deleteriously associated with cardiometabolic risk
More frequent exposure to late sleep is associated with increases in adiposity in children aged 2 to 6 years

Late Sleep May Raise Risk for Adiposity in Young Children

Greater increases seen in adiposity measures from 2 to 6 years, especially for those with high obesity risk
In older adults with abdominal obesity

Certain Factors May Increase Risk for Cognitive Decline in Elderly

Adiponectin tied to risk for cognitive decline in those younger than 87 years of age without central obesity
A clinical trial of the weight-loss drug Belviq (lorcaserin) shows an association with an increased risk for cancer

FDA Requests Market Withdrawal of Belviq Due to Cancer Risk

However, agency is not recommending special screening for patients who have taken the weight-loss drug
Among obese individuals

Bariatric Surgery May Cut Risk for Colorectal Cancer in Obese Patients

Relative risk for developing colorectal cancer reduced by about 35 percent with bariatric surgery for obesity