Home Pulmonology
There is considerable variation across counties in receipt of curative-intent surgery for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer

Receipt of Surgery for Early NSCLC Varies by County

25 percent absolute difference found between lowest, highest surgery receipt-rate counties in Massachusetts
For patients with previously untreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer with an EGFR mutation

First-Line Osimertinib May Up Survival in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

For previously untreated disease, overall survival longer with osimertinib versus comparator EGFR-TKIs
Men and women experience obstructive sleep apnea during REM sleep at similar rates

Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women

About six in 10 women experience obstructive sleep apnea during dream sleep, similar to men
Physicians showing depressive symptoms are at higher risk for medical errors

Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors

Bidirectional association seen between depressive symptoms and medical errors
Deep learning models can be used for interpretation of chest radiographs

Deep Learning Models Can Help Interpret Chest Radiographs

Models developed to detect pneumothorax, opacity, nodule or mass, fracture on frontal chest radiographs
Adults not living in metropolitan statistical areas are more likely to have reduced access to or use of health care services

Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care

In unadjusted analyses, adults not living in MSA more likely to have financial burden linked to care
While affiliating with health systems may boost a rural hospital's financial viability

Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems

Reductions seen in imaging, on-site obstetric services, on-site primary care
Low clinical pretest probability and a ᴅ-dimer of less than 1

ᴅ-dimer Test Adjusted to Clinical Probability IDs Low Risk for PE

Use of this diagnostic strategy results in reduction in use of chest imaging
Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 µm is associated with increased hospital admission risks and costs

Risk for Hospital Admission Up With Short-Term PM2.5 Exposure

Admissions for new causes, previously identified causes linked to short-term exposure to air pollution

November 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for November 2019. This roundup includes the latest...