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Chronic opioid use during pregnancy that causes neonatal abstinence syndrome is associated with smaller neonatal head circumference

Smaller Heads Related to Opioid-Related Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Chronic opioid use in pregnancy resulting in NAS linked to smaller head circumference in neonates
From 2012 to 2016

2012 to 2016 Saw Increase in Syphilis Among Pregnant Women

Overall, 49 percent of pregnant women with syphilis did not report any of 15 risk factors
Pregnant women commonly refuse vaccines

Pregnant Women Commonly Refuse Vaccines

Providers believe stressing fetal protection is most effective strategy against refusal
The incidence of amphetamine and opioid use has increased among pregnant women

Increase Seen in Amphetamine, Opioid Use in Pregnant Women

Increase in amphetamine-, opioid-related deliveries disproportionate between rural vs. urban counties
From 2007 to 2016

Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Involving Opioids Up

Between 2007 and 2016, pregnancy-associated mortality related to opioids more than doubled
The abortion rate in the United States fell 24 percent between 2006 and 2015

CDC: U.S. Abortion Rate Declined 24 Percent From 2006 to 2015

Abortions among women ages 15-44 fell 26 percent, from 15.9 to 11.8 abortions per 1,000 women
Prenatal exposure to nitric oxide is associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder

Prenatal Nitric Oxide Exposure Linked to Higher Risk for Autism

No significant link seen for ASD risk and exposure to particulate matter (PM)2.5, nitrogen dioxide
Rates of multiple sclerosis relapse decrease during pregnancy but increase postpartum

MS Relapse Drops During Pregnancy but Rises After

Disease-modifying drug use uncommon year before pregnancy and further drops during pregnancy
Short intervals between pregnancies are associated with increased risks for adverse pregnancy outcomes for women of all ages

Short Interpregnancy Intervals Tied to Adverse Outcome Risk

Six-month interval associated with greater risk than 18-month interval for women of any age
For premenopausal women with stage I to IIIA estrogen receptor-negative

Improved Long-Term Pregnancy Outcomes for Goserelin + Chemo

Findings seen in premenopausal women with stage I to IIIA hormone receptor-negative breast cancer