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Tag: Respiratory Problems: Misc.

For children with acute respiratory infections

Telemedicine Leads to More Antibiotic Rx for Pediatric Respiratory Infection

More antibiotics prescribed with less guideline-concordant antibiotic management versus other settings

March 2019 Briefing – Pulmonology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Pulmonology for March 2019. This roundup includes the latest...
Nasopharyngeal microbiota seem to serve as a valid proxy for lower respiratory tract microbiota in lower respiratory tract infections among children

Nasopharyngeal Microbiota Could Help Diagnose Pediatric LRTIs

Research suggests nasopharyngeal microbiota can be valid proxy for lower respiratory tract microbiota
Uninsured patients and Medicaid beneficiaries with acute pulmonary diseases have higher odds of interhospital transfer

Discharge, Interhospital Transfer Varies With Insurance Status

Uninsured patients more likely to be discharged, transferred versus privately insured patients
Based on active surveillance data of acute respiratory illness

CDC: 2017 to 2018 Saw Increase in Enterovirus D68 Detection

EV-D68 detected in 13.9 percent of patients with acute respiratory illness in 2018
Polypharmacy and complex medication regimens are common in patients with interstitial lung disease

Complex Dosing, Polypharmacy Common With Interstitial Lung Disease

Patients receiving systemic corticosteroids are at high risk for drug-disease interactions
People living in homes with high average air exchange rates are more likely to report chronic cough

Homes With High Ventilation Rates Tied to Respiratory Issues

High rates of air exchange associated with chronic cough, asthma, asthma-like symptoms
More than one in five infants with a bronchiolitis hospital admission will have a subsequent respiratory-related hospital admission by age 5 years

Bronchiolitis Hospitalization in Infancy Predicts More Admissions

Higher risk seen for future admissions by age 5; link strongest for asthma, wheezing admissions
Mechanically ventilated patients who pass a spontaneous breathing trial and are extubated reach a higher level of wakefulness

Predictors ID’d for Successful Removal of Mechanical Ventilation

Higher levels of wakefulness seen in those who pass the spontaneous breathing test and are extubated
Children from lower-income households are more likely to report recent childhood gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses but are less likely to miss any school days

CDC: GI, Respiratory Illnesses More Likely in Low-Income Children

But likelihood of missing any school days during the previous year decreased with reduced income