Infectious Disease

Home Infectious Disease
Providers engaging parents hesitant about human papillomavirus vaccination and addressing their concerns can lead to same-day vaccinations

Addressing Parents’ HPV Vaccine Hesitancy Ups Vaccination Rates

More adolescents receive HPV vaccination same day with physician engagement versus acquiescence
Offspring born to mothers with rheumatoid arthritis who are exposed to tumor necrosis factor α inhibitors in the gestational period do not have a significantly increased risk of serious infections

TNFi Exposure In Utero Does Not Up Serious Infection Risk

No increased risk of serious infection among RA offspring versus non-TNFi exposed or control

CDC: No Change in Level of Uninsured in U.S. in 2017

Five percent of children uninsured in 2017, 41.3 and 55.0 percent had public and private coverage
For patients with suspected lower respiratory tract infection

Procalcitonin Assay Doesn’t Cut Antibiotic Use in Lower RTI

Provision of assay doesn't result in less antibiotic use for suspected lower respiratory tract infection
Recipients of the herpes zoster subunit vaccine

Robust Immune Responses for Herpes Zoster Subunit Vaccine

Humoral response seen for 97.8 percent of HZ/su vaccine recipients versus 2 percent of placebo
Two novel immune-response clusters have been identified to respiratory syncytial virus

Two Novel Immune-Response Clusters Identified to RSV

Cluster characterized by higher type-2 and type-17 cytokines tied to first-, second-year recurrent wheeze
The EtpA adhesion molecule

Molecular Basis for Varied Presentations of ETEC Explored

EtpA adhesin molecule interacts specifically with glycans expressed in individuals with blood group A
Stigmatizing language used in medical records to describe patients can influence medical students and residents in terms of their attitudes towards the patient and their clinical decision-making

Language Used in Medical Record Can Affect Patient Care

Stigmatizing language may transmit bias, influence trainees' attitudes
Human papillomavirus vaccines protect against cervical precancer in adolescent girls and young women

Good Evidence That HPV Vaccines Protect Against Cervical Precancer

High-certainty evidence for protection in adolescent girls and young women aged 15 to 26 years
Many infants who are exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pregnancy are not screened for HCV infection

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women