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Early-life exposure to fine particulate matter is associated with a reduction in fundamental cognitive abilities

Exposure to Air Pollution May Impact Children’s Cognitive Abilities

Deficits seen in working memory, executive attention after prenatal, early childhood exposure
In healthy adults

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning May Have Neuroprotective Effects

Dynamic cerebral autoregulation increased six hours after RIPC, lasts for at least 24 hours
For patients with intracerebral hemorrhage

Antiplatelets Do Not Up Recurrence in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

In population with cerebral microbleeds, no increased risk seen for those starting antiplatelet therapy
Older adults who regularly perform word and number puzzles have higher cognitive functioning than those who do not engage in such activities

Regular Puzzle Use May Improve Cognition in Older Adults

Performance on 14 measures of cognitive function better for those doing word or number puzzles
Incremental physical activity

Light, Incremental Physical Activity Can Help Reduce Brain Aging

Each additional hour spent in light-intensity physical activity equivalent to about 1.1 years less brain aging
In a new American Academy of Neurology guideline published in the May 7 issue of Neurology

Recommendations Issued for Treating Tourette Syndrome

Guidelines based on systematic review, focus on individualized treatment decisions
Progress has been made toward developing diagnostic criteria for limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy

Diagnostic Criteria Proposed for Advanced-Age Proteinopathy

Gaps remain in understanding of limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy
Obesity is associated with differences in gray matter volumes in the brain

Obesity May Impact the Form and Structure of the Brain

Gender appears to be a modifier of the link between fat percentage and the size of specific brain structures
Nonsurgical brain stimulation techniques seem effective for acute treatment of major depressive episodes in adults

Nonsurgical Brain Stimulation Beneficial in Major Depressive Episodes

Ten of 18 reviewed treatment strategies linked to higher response versus sham therapy
Early life stress caused by childhood maltreatment can alter brain structure

Maltreatment in Childhood May Affect Course of Adult Depression

Links found among childhood maltreatment, relapse of depression as an adult, and altered brain structure