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Smoking tobacco is a risk factor for cognitive dysfunction in patients with fibromyalgia

Smoking Linked to Cognitive Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia

In adjusted analysis, smoking tied to worse symptom severity, sleep problems, anxiety, depression
For patients with Parkinson's disease undergoing gene therapy

Gene Therapy Forms New Polysynaptic Pathways in Parkinson’s

Patients receiving GAD gene therapy develop unique treatment-dependent polysynaptic brain circuit
Arterial stiffness may predict dementia risk

Arterial Stiffness May Predict Dementia Risk

Adjustment for subclinical brain disease markers did not reduce link between arterial stiffness, dementia
Fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography of the brain can be used to develop a deep learning algorithm for early prediction of Alzheimer's disease that has high specificity and sensitivity

18F-FDG PET Algorithm Allows Early Prediction of Alzheimer’s

Deep learning model achieved 82 percent specificity, 100 percent sensitivity 75.8 months prediagnosis
Prenatal exposure to most medications affecting neurotransmitter systems is not associated with estimates of autism spectrum disorder risk

Most Meds Affecting Neurotransmitters Not Linked to Autism Risk

Prenatal exposure to 5 groups of meds had nominally significant links to ASD
Higher serum cortisol level is associated with lower brain volumes and impaired memory in asymptomatic younger to middle-aged adults

Higher Serum Cortisol Level Linked to Lower Brain Volumes

Higher cortisol also associated with worse memory and visual perception in young, middle-aged adults
Sub-concussive head impacts suffered over the course of a single season of youth tackle football may not be associated with neurocognitive functional outcomes

Sub-Concussive Hits May Not Be Tied to Neurocognitive Changes

Findings based on a small study of youth football players over the course of one football season
Hospitalization is associated with lower white matter integrity among older adults

Hospitalization Tied to Brain Abnormalities in Older Adults

Critical illness, major infection linked to smaller brain volumes, especially region implicated in Alzheimer's
Models using four or five predictors have acceptable to good discrimination for determining additional intracerebral hemorrhage growth in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage

Models Predict Intracerebral Hemorrhage Growth

Four- or five-factor models determine intracerebral hemorrhage growth after acute incident
Phantom odor perception in middle-aged and older individuals is associated with poor health

Factors Associated With Phantom Odor Identified

NIH study shows 6.5 percent of U.S. adults aged 40 and up perceive phantom smells