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Racial disparities exist among adolescents undergoing influenza vaccination

Racial Disparities Seen Among Teens Undergoing Flu Vaccination

Hispanics have higher odds of vaccination, blacks have lower odds compared with whites
Type 2 diabetes is associated with declines in verbal memory and fluency among older community-dwelling adults

T2DM Linked to Decline in Verbal Memory, Fluency in Older Adults

Brain atrophy does not appear to mediate the diabetes-cognition relationship
Specific locations of cerebral multiple sclerosis lesions appear to be associated with bowel incontinence

Certain Sites of Brain Lesions in MS Tied to Bowel Incontinence

Left hemisphere dominates sensory visceral integration, right tied to the autonomic function
Patients with glaucoma generally find an electronic health record-linked reminder system for glaucoma medications useful

EHR-Linked Reminder System for Glaucoma Meds Perceived Useful

Seventy-four percent of participants who used configured reminders found them to be useful
Sexual-minority youth have higher depressive symptoms at age 10 and an increased likelihood of self-harm in adolescence and young adulthood

Depressive Symptoms Up From Age 10 for Sexual-Minority Youth

Sexual-minority adolescents were more likely to report self-harm in past year at ages 16 and 21
The inverse association between fiber intake and the risk for incident symptomatic knee osteoarthritis may be partially mediated by body mass index

BMI May Mediate Inverse Link Between Fiber Intake, Knee OA

But link between fiber intake and knee osteoarthritis was significant in only one of two studies
Physician mothers experience discrimination in a range of ways

Persistent Discrimination ID’d Among Physician Mothers

Physician mothers report limited opportunities for advancement, financial inequalities, lack of support
Guidelines have been developed for use of opioids for uncomplicated spontaneous vaginal birth; the draft consensus guidelines were published online Dec. 4 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Guidelines Developed for Opioid Use in Vaginal Birth

Guidelines include use of lowest effective dose, smallest quantity of opioids needed for expected pain
Beliefs about medication are associated with uptake of tamoxifen as a preventive therapy among women at increased risk for breast cancer

Medication Beliefs Affect Uptake of Preventive Tx for Breast Cancer

Uptake of preventive therapy low among those with strong concerns about tamoxifen, meds in general
Parental subfertility is associated with an increased asthma risk among offspring

Subfertility Linked to Increased Asthma Risk in Offspring

Asthma risk also increased with maternal history of miscarriages at 12 weeks or earlier