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Vitamin D sufficiency is associated with reduced clinical severity

Clinical Severity Lower With Vitamin D Sufficiency in COVID-19

Of patients aged ≥40 who died, 9.7 percent were vitamin D-sufficient versus 20 percent with 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL
Fewer than 10 percent of the U.S. adult population formed antibodies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 during the first wave of the pandemic

<10 Percent of U.S. Population Has Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2

Comparing seroprevalence and case counts shows only 9.2 percent of seropositive patients diagnosed
In a genome-wide association study

14 Novel Loci Identified for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Genetic increase of 10 mm Hg in diastolic blood pressure likely has causal link with AAA
Infants born to mothers testing positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 do not have a higher frequency of adverse outcomes than those born to mothers testing negative

Infants of COVID-19-Infected Mothers Doing Well in Short Term

No differences seen in rates of preterm birth, NICU admission, respiratory disease with infection
Real-world

Hydroxychloroquine Tied to Heart Problems Prior to Pandemic

Adverse outcomes include cardiomyopathy, QT prolongation, cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure
Intrauterine exposure to maternal gestational diabetes is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk and risk factors in offspring up to age 35 years

Exposure to Maternal Gestational Diabetes Tied to Higher CVD Risk

Increased risk for cardiovascular disease observed in offspring for up to 35 years of follow-up
Children who are deaf or hard of hearing who are enrolled in early intervention (EI) by 6 months of age are more likely to be ready for kindergarten than those who enter EI later

Early Intervention Has Lasting Benefit for Deaf Children

Children who were deaf/hard of hearing who entered EI early more likely to be ready for kindergarten
Metabolic surgery on patients with morbid obesity and pharmacologically treated hypertension is associated with lower risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality versus individuals with hypertension from the general population

Metabolic Surgery May Cut Risk for Cardiovascular Events, Death

Findings seen for patients with HTN and morbid obesity compared with matched controls with HTN
One-third of parents say they will forgo the flu vaccination for their children this year

Only Two-Thirds of Parents Planning to Get Flu Shots for Their Children

Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, only one-third of parents see the flu vaccine as more necessary this year
Having two or more moderate or severe menopausal symptoms is associated with an increased risk for stroke and cardiovascular disease

Stroke, CVD Risk Up With Two or More Menopausal Symptoms

No association seen between the severity of vasomotor symptoms and any health outcomes