Gastroenterology

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For patients with colorectal cancer after curative surgery

Surveillance Frequency Doesn’t Cut Mortality in Colorectal Cancer

And, intensity of imaging surveillance not linked to time to detection of colorectal cancer recurrence
Semaglutide is safe and effective for the treatment of type 2 diabetes

Semaglutide Found to Be Effective Against Type 2 Diabetes

The once-weekly glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist cuts HbA1c, body weight
Doptelet (avatrombopag) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults with chronic liver disease who are slated to have a medical or dental procedure.

FDA OKs Doptelet for Liver Dz Patients Undergoing Procedures

Doptelet reduces the need for platelet transfusion or any rescue therapy on day of procedure
Breath analysis shows potential for noninvasive diagnosis of esophagogastric cancer

Breath Test Shows Promise for Diagnosis of Esophagogastric CA

Good diagnostic accuracy with area under the curve of 0.85, sensitivity and specificity of 80, 81 percent
The EtpA adhesion molecule

Molecular Basis for Varied Presentations of ETEC Explored

EtpA adhesin molecule interacts specifically with glycans expressed in individuals with blood group A
For patients undergoing resection of colorectal liver metastases

V600E BRAF Mutation Tied to Worse Survival in CRC Liver Mets

Worse overall, disease-free survival with V600E BRAF versus KRAS mutation in colorectal liver metastases
Stigmatizing language used in medical records to describe patients can influence medical students and residents in terms of their attitudes towards the patient and their clinical decision-making

Language Used in Medical Record Can Affect Patient Care

Stigmatizing language may transmit bias, influence trainees' attitudes
Many infants who are exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) during pregnancy are not screened for HCV infection

Hepatitis C-Exposed Infants Not Adequately Screened

Low screening rate seen at same time as increase in hepatitis C virus prevalence among pregnant women
Best practices have been developed for using electronic health records to enhance patient-centered care

Best Practices Developed for Use of EHR to Enhance Patient Care

Patients regard EHR as positive presence; can be used to engage patients by jointly viewing data
Participants with an advanced adenoma at diagnostic colonoscopy have increased risk of developing colorectal cancer relative to those with no adenoma

Higher CRC Risk With Advanced Adenoma Found on Colonoscopy

Risk not increased for non-advanced adenoma found on colonoscopy following flex sigmoidoscopy