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A deep learning-enhanced device can accurately detect diabetic retinopathy

Deep Learning-Enhanced Device Detects Diabetic Retinopathy

Device sensitivity/specificity 100/97.8 percent for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy
The microbiome of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus

Altered Gut Microbiome Seen in Patients With Active Lupus

Patients with lupus had fivefold greater representation of Ruminococcus gnavus
For first-line therapy of metastatic renal cell carcinoma

Combo Regimens Effective for Tx of Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer

Two large trials show benefits for pembrolizumab-axitinib and avelumab-axitinib versus sunitinib
Between 1997 and 2014

1997 to 2014 Saw Large Hike in Screen Time for Ages 0 to 2

Television accounted for most screen time in children aged 0 to 2 and 3 to 5 years in 2014
Higher consumption of nuts

Eating Nuts Tied to Reduced CVD Incidence, Death in T2DM Patients

Reduced risk seen for total CVD, coronary heart disease incidence for men and women
Cancer death rates are decreasing faster in blacks than whites in the United States

Black-White Cancer Mortality Gap Decreasing in Some Age Groups

Cancer deaths rates decreasing faster for black men and women vs. white men and women in U.S.
Long-term outcomes are more favorable for early intensive treatment versus first-line moderate-efficacy disease-modifying therapy in multiple sclerosis

Early Intensive Treatment May Improve Long-Term MS Outcomes

Mean five-year change lower in Expanded Disability Status Scale score with early intensive treatment
Structural and clinical barriers prevent most cancer patients from participating in clinical trials

Structural, Clinical Barriers Prevent Cancer Trial Participation

Trial unavailable at patients' institution 55.6 percent of the time; 21.5 percent of patients ineligible
Maternal exposure to fluconazole during pregnancy may increase the risk for spontaneous abortion

Prenatal Fluconazole Exposure Increases Neonatal Risks

Any exposure increases spontaneous abortion risk; cardiac septal defects up for use in early pregnancy
An increased incidence of glottic carcinoma related to human papillomavirus has been documented in recent years among young patients

Glottic Carcinoma Can Be HPV-Related Disease in Young Adults

Cases of glottic carcinoma in patients aged 30 years or younger tested positive for high-risk HPV