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From 2014 to 2016 there was an increase in the annual number of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) users in the United States

2014 to 2016 Saw 470 Percent Increase in HIV PrEP Use in U.S.

~7 percent of those with indications for PrEP were prescribed PrEP, including 2.1 percent of women
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment administered within seven days after stroke can predict long-term cognitive and functional outcome and mortality

Montreal Cognitive Assessment Predicts Outcomes After Stroke

Brief screening tool is feasible in the setting of acute stroke
For Hispanic patients with chronic kidney disease

Poor Experience With PCP Linked to Hospitalization in CKD

Risk of hospitalization up for Hispanic patients with lower scores on Ambulatory Care Experiences Survey
Contrary to the advice most cancer patients receive

Light Use of Topical Skin Tx Before Radiotherapy Seems Safe

Radiation dose not impacted with light or moderate use of skin treatments, regardless of beam energy, incidence
Among patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

Aspirin, Anticoagulants Similarly Prevent VTE After TKA

In patients having total knee arthroplasty, aspirin non-inferior for venous thromboembolism, death
Triple therapy with VX-659 or VX-445 combined with tezacaftor-ivacaftor shows promise for the treatment of adult patients with cystic fibrosis who have mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator

Triple Combo Regimens May Address Cause of Cystic Fibrosis

Promising results for VX-659-, VX-445-tezacaftor-ivacaftor for cystic fibrosis with mutations in CFTR
A streamlined bioinformatics tool can match bloodstream pathogens to a candidate source

Bioinformatics Tool Can ID Source of Bloodstream Pathogens

Classically non-enteric pathogens identified in gut microbiome, challenging origin of these infections
Early-onset asthma and wheezing may contribute to an increased risk of developing obesity later in childhood

Asthma May Raise Obesity Risk Later in Childhood

3- to 4-year-olds with active asthma, wheezing have increased risk of obesity by age 8
Dorsal root ganglion neurostimulation therapy may reduce pain and disability in patients with chronic lower extremity and back pain

ASA: Dorsal Root Ganglion Stimulation Disrupts Back Pain

Drop in numerical rating scale pain score, ODI for chronic lower extremity, back pain
Transcatheter mitral-valve repair results in a lower rate of hospitalization and lower all-cause mortality than medical therapy alone among patients with heart failure and moderate-to-severe secondary mitral regurgitation who remain symptomatic despite the use of guideline-directed medical therapy

Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair Benefits Some With Heart Failure

For patients with secondary mitral regurgitation who remain symptomatic despite medical therapy