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Exposure to secondhand smoking is associated with choroidal thinning among children aged 6 to 8 years

Exposure to Secondhand Smoke Linked to Choroidal Thinning in Children

Choroidal thinning associated with increased number of family smokers, quantity of secondhand smoke
Longer use of estrogen hormone therapy is associated with higher cognitive status in late life

Extended Estrogen Therapy Aids Late-Life Cognition

Benefit seen especially in older women and women initiating treatment within five years of menopause
The risk and severity of chronic traumatic encephalopathy increase with the number of years playing American football

Risk, Severity of CTE Increase With Years of Football Played

Risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy increased by 30 percent per year of football played
Birth in a nontertiary hospital and transfer within 48 hours is associated with poorer outcomes compared with birth in a tertiary hospital for extremely preterm infants

Outcomes Poorer for Extreme Preemies Transferred After Birth

Outcomes worse for birth in nontertiary hospital, transfer within 48 hours versus birth in tertiary hospital
For young and middle-aged veterans

PTSD Linked to Early Incident TIA, Stroke in Young Veterans

Increased risk seen in cohort of young and middle-aged veterans in unadjusted, fully adjusted models
Patients with primary restless leg syndrome who begin dopamine agonist therapy may be at increased risk for adverse psychiatric events

Dopamine Agonists Tied to Higher Risk for Psychiatric Events

Findings seen in large study of patients with restless leg syndrome starting dopamine agonists
Complete concussion recovery may be more complex and take longer than previously thought

Brain Recovery After Concussion Lags Symptom Resolution

MRI shows that different physiologic aspects of the brain vary in concussion recovery time
Patients with bipolar disorder seem to have an increased risk for developing Parkinson disease

Bipolar Disorder May Increase Risk for Developing Parkinson Disease

Literature review shows increased likelihood of idiopathic PD with previous diagnosis of BD
For adults with dementia

Nonpharmacologic Interventions Reduce Agitation in Dementia

Nonpharmacologic more efficacious than pharmacologic interventions for reducing aggression, agitation
Rates of concussion during football practice and recurrent concussion rates across all high school sports decreased from the 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 school years

Decrease Seen in Football Practice-Related Concussions

In sex-comparable sports, concussion rates higher for girls; girls also had more recurrent concussions