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Tag: Cancer: Lung

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an independent risk factor for lung cancer incidence

COPD Independent Risk Factor for Lung Cancer

Risk for lung cancer higher for never smokers with COPD, ever smokers with or without COPD
Many individuals undergoing low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening have spirometry findings consistent with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Spirometry Suggests COPD for Many at Lung Cancer Screening

57 percent have spirometry findings consistent with COPD, 67 percent do not have prior history of COPD
Low-dose computed tomography chest examinations appear to have no biological effect on chromosomal DNA

Low-Dose Chest CT Does Not Seem to Alter Chromosomal DNA

Increase in number of double-strand breaks, chromosomal aberrations seen with standard-dose CT
Of those people in 10 states meeting the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for low-dose lung cancer screening

Compliance Low With USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations

12.5 percent of those meeting USPSTF recommendations for low-dose CT had screening exam in past year
Thoracic radiation therapy is associated with increased fatigue and dyspnea as well as decreased physical activity

Thoracic Radiation May Increase Fatigue, Dyspnea in Short Term

In patients with lung cancer or lymphoma, increase in heart dose tied to decrease in physical activity
The proportion of lung cancer patients with an index symptom of cough or shortness of breath has increased over time

More Lung Cancer Patients Presenting With Cough, Dyspnea

Findings based on analysis of index symptoms of U.K. patients from 2000 to 2017
In recent years

Lung Cancer Incidence Rates Up for Young Women Versus Men

Significant increases seen in female-to-male incidence rate ratios in six countries
Use of a patient decision aid results in more informed decisions about lung cancer screening compared with standard educational information

Patient Decision Aid Informs Patients on Lung Cancer Screening

Tobacco quit lines are an effective way to disseminate patient decision aids
Baseline high body mass index is associated with improved survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated with atezolizumab

BMI, Survival Linked in NSCLC Treated With Atezolizumab

Overall, progression-free survival improved for patients with high BMI; link strongest with high PD-L1 expression
A considerable proportion of patients with lung cancer are prescribed medications that prolong the corrected QT interval

Many Lung Cancer Patients Receive Meds That Prolong QTc Interval

Receipt of these medications prolonging corrected QT interval limits patients' eligibility for clinical trials