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Tag: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD)

There is an association between low maternal vitamin D during early pregnancy and an elevated risk for offspring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Low Maternal Vitamin D May Raise Risk for ADHD in Offspring

Study looked at maternal serum vitamin D levels in first trimester and offspring ADHD risk
Nearly 14 percent of children aged 3 to 17 years had ever been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or a learning disability in 2016 to 2018

CDC: ~14 Percent of Children Have ADHD, Learning Disability

Likelihood of having ever been diagnosed with ADHD, learning disability highest for non-Hispanic blacks
Among children withattention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Video Game-Like Intervention May Aid Children With ADHD

Attentional functioning improved in four-week trial for children receiving intervention versus control
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are less likely to have a primary care visit during adolescence than preadolescence

Teens With ADHD Less Likely Than Preteens to Have Doctor Visit

Depression, suicide, substance abuse monitoring found for most teens, but only half monitored for sexual risk
In a Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics Clinical Practice Guideline

Recommendations Developed for Management of Complex ADHD

Treatment should include evidence-based approaches and account for coexisting conditions
Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging measures may be able to predict symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or major depressive disorder in children

fMRI Measures May Predict Psychiatric Symptoms in Children

Less positive coupling between sgACC, DLPFC at age 7 linked to increase in internalizing behaviors at 11
The effect of omega-3 fish oil supplements on cognitive symptoms in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may vary according to endogenous levels of eicosapentaenoic acid

Effects of Omega-3 Fish Oil Mixed for ADHD Symptoms in Youth

Supplements may not improve cognitive symptoms in youth who have high endogenous EPA levels
From 2007 to 2016

2007 to 2016 Saw Rise in ADHD Prevalence in Adults, Children

Increase seen for adults of every race/ethnicity; prevalence rates highest for white individuals
Cord biomarkers of fetal exposure to acetaminophen are associated with an increased risk for childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder

Fetal Exposure to Acetaminophen May Increase Risk for ADHD, ASD

Cord biomarkers of in utero acetaminophen exposure tied to increased risk for childhood ADHD, ASD
Children who are younger compared with their school peers have an increased risk for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Youngest in Classroom at Higher Risk for Diagnosis of Depression

Children at young relative age within the school year also at higher risk for ADHD, intellectual disability