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Outcomes Favorable for HIV+ Kidney Transplant Recipients

However, survival rates lower if organ recipient also has hepatitis C

FRIDAY, March 20, 2015 (HealthDay News) — Kidney transplant patients with HIV have similar survival rates as those without HIV, a new study finds. The findings were published online March 19 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

The study included 510 HIV-positive adults who had kidney transplants in the United States between 2002 and 2011. Overall, these patients had similar five- and 10-year survival rates as kidney transplant patients without HIV. However, transplant recipients who had both HIV and hepatitis C had lower survival rates than those without HIV, the researchers found. About 25 percent of kidney transplant patients with HIV also have hepatitis C.

The findings suggest that excellent results are possible among HIV-positive kidney transplant recipients. However, doctors should be cautious when considering transplants involving patients with both HIV and hepatitis C, Jayme Locke, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Alabama at Birmingham, and colleagues concluded.

The study provides “a national perspective on the status of HIV transplantation which supports the expanded use of kidney transplantation in this group,” Alissa Wright, M.D., and John Gill, M.D., from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada, write in an accompanying journal editorial.

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